Retz, Jean-François-Paul de Gondi, Cardinal de
- (1613-1679)political figure, satirist, writerBorn at the château of Montmirail, Jean-François-Paul de Gondi was destined for the church, although, as he said, he "had neither the taste nor the disposition for it." Despite a stormy youth, he was well educated, learned seven languages, and studied both sacred and profane literature. From 1638 to 1642, he took part in plots against Cardinal Richelieu, then devoted himself to an ecclesiastical career. in 1644, named coadjutor to his uncle the archbishop of Paris, he became known for his popular sermons, earned the hostility of anne of Austria and Cardinal mazarin, and joined the fronde, but then changed sides to the court faction. Made cardinal in 1651 by Pope Innocent X, who detested Mazarin, Cardinal Retz was imprisoned by the latter in 1652, was named archbishop of Paris in 1654, then was exiled to Rome. In 1657, his pamphlet against Mazarin was circulated. Forced to resign as archbishop of Paris (where he never exercised his ministry) in 1662, he was reinstated in 1664. He retired to the abbey of saint-Denis, where he was buried, with king louis XIV forbidding that even the least monument be erected in his memory.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Retz, Jean-François-Paul de Gondi, Cardinal de — ▪ French priest born September 1613, Montmirail, France died August 24, 1679, Paris one of the leaders of the aristocratic rebellion known as the Fronde (Fronde, the) (1648–53), whose memoirs remain a classic of 17th century French… … Universalium
Jean-François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz — Jean François Paul de Gondi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gondi (famille) et Retz. Cardinal … Wikipédia en Français
Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz — (September 29, 1613 – August 24, 1679) was a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde.The Florentine banking family of the Gondi had been introduced into France by Catherine de Medici; Catherine offered Jérome (Girolamo) de … Wikipedia
Jean François Paul de Gondi — Cardinal de Retz Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz (September 29, 1613 – August 24, 1679) was a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde. The Florentine banking family of the Gondi had been introduced into… … Wikipedia
Jean-Francois Paul de Gondi — Jean François Paul de Gondi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gondi (famille) et Retz. Cardinal … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Francois de Gondi — Jean François de Gondi Jean François de Gondi Jean François de Gondi 1584 21 mars 1654 à Paris. Fils d Albert de Gondi et de Claude Catherine de Clermont, il est le premier archevêque de Paris L occupation du siège épiscopal de Paris est réservée … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-François de Gondi — (1584 21 March 1654, Paris) was the first archbishop of Paris, from 1622 to 1654.He was the son of Albert de Gondi and of Claude Catherine de Clermont. He was a member of the Gondi family, which had held the bishopric of Paris for nearly a… … Wikipedia
Jean-François de Gondi — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Famille de Gondi. Jean François de Gondi … Wikipédia en Français
Henri de Gondi (cardinal) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri de Gondi. Henri de Gondi Biographie Nais … Wikipédia en Français
Gondi Family — ▪ French family French family of Florentine origin, whose diplomats and bankers were prominent in France from the 16th century. The family established itself in France after gaining the confidence and patronage of Catherine de Médicis.… … Universalium